Industrial jewels, also known as industrial gemstones or synthetic gem bearings, are specialized components used in various industrial applications. These jewels are typically made from materials such as ruby, sapphire, and ceramic, which offer desirable properties for industrial use. Here's some information about each material:

Ruby: Synthetic rubies are often used in industrial applications due to their hardness, high wear resistance, and excellent thermal conductivity. They can withstand high temperatures and harsh conditions, making them suitable for use in precision instruments, watches, pumps, and other machinery.

Sapphire: Synthetic sapphires possess similar characteristics to rubies and are commonly used in industrial settings. They are extremely hard, second only to diamonds, and offer exceptional resistance to wear, heat, and chemical corrosion. Sapphire jewels find applications in bearings, gauges, seals, and other precision equipment.

Ceramic: Ceramics, such as aluminum oxide (alumina) or silicon nitride, are also utilized in industrial jewels. These materials exhibit high hardness, low friction, excellent wear resistance, and thermal stability. Ceramic jewels are often employed in high-speed machinery, pumps, valves, and other demanding applications.

These industrial jewels made from ruby, sapphire, and ceramic materials provide durable and reliable performance in harsh industrial environments, reducing friction and wear while maintaining precision.

What are Jewel Bearings in a watch?

A mechanical movement is composed of moving parts, such as gears, wheels and pinions. These parts are rotating on pivots (a vertical axis crossing the wheel). However, some has to consider that, for example, the fourth wheel of a watch makes a full circle on its axis once per minutes, meaning that it does 1440 full rotations a day or 525 600 full rotations a year. And this is not even the fastest wheel of a watch… Thus, you have to imagine the forces applied on the axis of such a wheel, even if it’s small and light. This is why it is harmful to insert the axis of such a wheel directly in the main-plate of the movement – considering the metal vs. metal frictions. Even with modern lubricants, it will slow the movement of the wheels down – ruining the accuracy of the watch – and at a certain time, wheels will simply block. Jewel bearings are the solution.

Jewels (rubies) are used as bearings to reduce friction at critical points, to improve the accuracy and durability of watches. One of the hardest materials after diamond, ruby (a corundum) do not wear – almost. As a consequence, jewels can be made very smooth which allow low friction with metal pivots. Last, they have a very good temperature stability and are acid-resistant.

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